A Guide to Education Stabilization Funds

Understanding Stimulus Funding Available for Schools

The Pandemic’s Impact on K-12 Districts

The COVID-19 pandemic created an unprecedented disruption in the education of students worldwide. Here in the United States the pandemic forced a shutdown of school buildings in the Spring of 2020 as nearly every state either ordered or recommended that schools remain closed to in-person learning through the end of the 2019-20 school year, affecting an estimated 55.1 million students in 124,000 U.S. public and private schools.

During the summer of 2020 educational organizations, state and district leaders grappled with the creation of school instructional plans for the coming academic year. As the 2020-21 academic year unfolded, response to the pandemic varied by state and district with school instructional models centering on either in-person, hybrid or remote instruction.

In response to the pandemic Congress stepped in three times to provide financial support to education. CARES, CRRSA, and ARPA have each provided billions of dollars to the Education Stabilization Fund, which divides support between three primary funds, two of which impact K-12 education (ESSER & GEER). This guide is intended to acquaint you with these stimulus funds, their intended uses and timelines.

“Congress stepped in three times to provide financial support to education. CARES, CRRSA, and ARPA have each provided billions of dollars to the Education Stabilization Fund."

Funds Available to K-12 Districts

The US Department of Education provides Education Stabilization Fund  (ESSER and GEER) award and expenditure data by state here.

Learn about the CARES Act