Stimulus Funding Terms

  • ARPA: The American Rescue Plan Act signed by President Biden on March 11, 2022. This $1.9 trillion, third round of funding included $170 billion to the Education Stabilization Fund of which $122.8 billion was for ESSER and $2.75 billion for Emergency Assistance to Non-Public schools (EANS), with an additional $3 billion for special education.
  • Awarding vs Obligating Funds: An SEA awards funds when it makes a subgrant to an LEA or when an SEA Reserve enters into a subgrant or contract with a subrecipient. Funds are obligated when the subrecipient/LEA commits funds to specific purposes.
  • CARES: The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act passed on March 27, 2020. This $2.2 trillion economic stimulus bill provided economic assistance across America for states, cities, businesses and education. This act established the ESF and allocated $30.75 billion to the Dept of Education, of which $13.2 billion was for ESSER and $3 billion was for GEER.
  • CRRSA (pronounced “sir-sa”): The Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act was signed into law by President Trump on December 27, 2020. It is sometimes referred to as HR-133. This $1.4 trillion, second round of funding included $81.9 billion for the Education Stabilization Fund, of which $54.3 billion was for ESSER and $4 billion for GEER. GEER includes $2.75B for Emergency Assistance to Non-Public schools (EANS).
  • EANS: Emergency Assistance to Non-Public schools is part of the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund. Under this program, Governor’s receive formula grants that provide services or assistance to non-public schools that enroll a high percentage of low-income students and have been most impacted by COVID-19.
  • ESF: The Education Stabilization Fund was created on March 27, 2020, as part of The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES). The ESF is composed of three emergency relief funds:
    (1) an Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Fund,
    (2) a Governor’s Emergency Education Relief (GEER) Fund, and
    (3) a Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund (HEERF).
  • ESSER: The Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief Fund. This Fund allocates monies to State Education Agencies (SEAs), who then sub-grant to Local Education Agencies (LEAs). Each of the three stimulus packages allocated funding to ESSER, broken out as $13.2 billion from CARES, $54.3 billion from CRRSA and $122 billion from ARPA.
  • GEER: The Governor’s Emergency Education Relief Fund was created under The CARES Act and has been funded through the Education Stabilization Fund in CARES, CRRSA and ARPA. A discretionary fund awarded through the Governor’s office it addresses high priority needs in K-12, Institutions of Higher Education and other education related entities.

Resources:

US Department of Education information page on CARES
US Department of Education Information page on ARPA
US Department of Education ESSER information page
ESSER and GEER Frequently Asked Questions, May 2021
US Department of Education: Education Stabilization Fund ESSER and GEER award and expenditure data